DWI is an abbreviation for driving while intoxicated, which is an offense committed by an individual who operates a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or Drugs and Narcotics. Repeat DWI offenders might be given Probation or minimal time in jail, along with a suspended driver’s license. In some cases, the punishment might be a specified period of community service.
An assault is carried out by a threat of bodily harm coupled with an apparent, present ability to cause the harm. An aggravated assault, punishable in all states as a felony, is committed when a defendant intends to do more than merely frighten the victim. Common types of aggravated assaults are those accompanied by an intent to kill, rob, or rape. An assault with a dangerous weapon is aggravated if there is an intent to cause serious harm. Pointing an unloaded gun at a victim to frighten the individual is not considered an aggravated assault. The punishment for criminal assault is a fine, imprisonment, or both. Penalties are more severe when the assault is aggravated.
Fraud is the false representation of a matter of fact—whether by words or by conduct, by false or misleading allegations, or by concealment of what should have been disclosed—that deceives and is intended to deceive another so that the individual will act upon it to her or his legal injury. States further criminalize fraud in a variety of settings, including trade and commerce, Securities, taxes, real estate, gambling, insurance, government benefits, and credit. Fraudulent Use or Possession of Identifying Information is punished as a State Jail Felony, with a maximum possible fine under Texas state law of up to $10,000 and jail time of up to two years.
Robbery occurs when someone takes money or goods in possession of another, from his or her person or immediate presence, by force or intimidation. Robbery is a crime of theft and can be classified as Larceny by force or by threat of force. The elements of the crime of robbery include the use of force or intimidation and all the elements of the crime of larceny. The penalty for robbery is always more severe than for larceny. Robbery is charged as a second-degree felony in Texas. This carries a penalty of two to twenty years in state prison and/or a fine of no more than $10,000. If the crime is elevated to that of aggravated robbery, the charge will be first degree felony. This carries a more serious penalty of five to 99 years in state prison and/or a fine of no more than $10,000. Both cases can be enhanced with prior convictions for other felony offenses.
Murder is perhaps the single most serious criminal offense. Depending on the circumstances surrounding the killing, a person who is convicted of murder may be sentenced to many years in prison, a prison sentence with no possibility of parole or death. Most states divide the crime of murder into first and second degrees. In such states, any intentional, unlawful killing done without justification or excuse is considered second-degree murder. The offense usually is punished with a long prison term or a prison term for life without the possibility of parole. Second-degree murder could be upgraded to first-degree murder, a more serious offense than second-degree murder if the murder was accomplished with an aggravating or special circumstance.
Disorderly conduct is a broad term describing conduct that disturbs the peace or endangers the community’s morals, health, or safety. The elements of disorderly conduct vary from one jurisdiction to another. Most statutes specify the misconduct that constitutes the offense. Acts such as the use of vulgar and obscene language in a public place, vagrancy, loitering, causing a crowd to gather in a public place, or annoying passengers on a mode of public transportation have been regarded as disorderly conduct by statute or ordinance. Under most statutes, the penalty consists of a fine, imprisonment, or both.
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